Climate change is changing our planet every day and the impacts of climate change are felt differently around the world. One country that has suffered greatly from global warming is Wales but how do they compare with other countries on a chart?
Wales has been experiencing climate change for a while now. This is evident in the data that shows the average temperature in Wales over time.
Steve Duffy, Gwyndaf Hughes, and Steffan Messenger contributed to this article.
Getty Images is the source of this image.
The River Conwy busts its banks at Llanrwst in October of last year.
At the end of October, the United Kingdom will host a meeting that is seen as critical in bringing climate change under control.
The COP26 gathering in Glasgow may result in significant changes in our daily life.
We provide some crucial statistics concerning the situation of Wales and its climate change issues in the form of graphs.
1. Cows and cars: Who’s to Blame for Wales’ Emissions?
It’s not a small number, but Wales’ 8.9 million sheep and 414,000 cows provide a unique dimension to the country’s climate change environment.
Agriculture accounts for roughly 14% of greenhouse gas emissions in Wales, with gases produced by the rear ends of animals accounting for a significant portion of it.
However, energy supply, notably from power generating, is the single most important source.
Cars account for approximately 60% of all transportation, but there is optimism that the shift to hybrid and electric cars will have an influence.
In Wales, the iron and steel industry is responsible for 60 percent of the business sector’s emissions.
2. Emissions are usually decreasing, but the next 30 years will be a major problem.
It’s been a long and winding path. As the graph below shows, there have been years lately when emissions have increased as well as decreased.
It’s mostly due to the fact that we have a lot of heavy industry and several huge power plants. The closure of Wales’ last coal-fired power plant contributed to half of the reduction in emissions after 2016.
Although emissions have decreased by 31% over the previous 30 years, we must achieve a 63 percent reduction by 2030, and net zero carbon emissions in the next 20 years. This is a significant difficulty.
3. Coastal flooding threats are expected to rise.
In Wales, almost 60% of the population lives along the shore, with some settlements residing below the high tideline.
Coastal or river flooding poses a serious threat to little under 12,000 homes. Only around 10,000 people are at high or medium danger of tidal floods.
This number is expected to rise by 260 percent by the 2080s, with 2,126 homes at danger of coastal erosion if defenses are not maintained.
We also have vital national infrastructure near the shore, including as highways, trains, and large power plants.
NRW is the image source.
This map depicts areas in north Wales that are vulnerable to floods.
Climate change-related flooding has been included into a new planning strategy for new constructions in Wales, with details announced in September.
New flood risk maps, such as the one seen above for the north Wales coast, were among them.
Wales might receive 6% more rainy in the winter by 2050, and up to 13% more rain by the 2080s, according to forecasts. Furthermore, when it does rain, it may be more severe, exacerbating flooding problems.
The foundations of the COP26 climate conference
- One of the world’s most important issues is climate change. If we want to avoid further global temperature increases, governments must vow more aggressive reductions in warming emissions.
- The meeting in Glashow might be the catalyst for change. You should keep an eye on the commitments made by the world’s greatest polluters, such as the United States and China, as well as whether poorer nations are receiving the assistance they need.
- Every aspect of our life will alter. Our work, how we heat our houses, what we eat, and how we travel might all be affected by decisions made here.
More information on the COP26 meeting may be found here.
4. Where are the pinch spots for air pollution?
When it comes to warming the climate, traffic emissions from petrol and diesel automobiles are a part of the issue. They do, however, contain dangerous pollutants that humans inhale, such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2).
NO2 levels were recorded at 187 industrial and commercial locations around Wales, as seen in the graph below.
The top ten emission sites around the country are dominated by refineries, iron and steel mills, and cement plants.
Because heavy industry employs a large number of people, the issue is to clean up processes and transition to a greener economy.
5: Are we taking a more environmentally friendly route?
During the Covid epidemic, one thing we all noticed was that the roads were much quieter. In fact, thanks to Covid, traffic on Wales’ roadways fell by roughly a fifth last year, to levels not seen since 1998.
As a result, we must consider what “normal” looks like.
Traffic levels increased by 45 percent between 1993 and 2019. Within Cardiff, Rhondda Cynon Taf, Carmarthenshire, and Newport, a third of it was relocating. In recent years, we’ve seen an increase in the number of people who travel by rail.
Policymakers are prioritizing the use of public transportation and active travel.
According to recent polls, 4% of people ride to work or to a destination at least once a week, whereas 60% of us walk for at least an hour a week for the same reason.
During the lockdown, cycling was the only means of transportation that actually increased, since many individuals worked from home or commuted nearby.
6. There is already a loss of wildlife and habitat.
According to conservation organisations, climate change is already having an increasing influence on Wales’ natural environment.
The annual State of Nature report, produced in collaboration with prominent wildlife and environmental NGOs, provides an overview of the issues facing Wales.
Numbers pose a threat to nature.
666 out of 3,902 species in Wales are threatened with extinction (17%).
Already, 73 species have been gone.
523 of the 6,500 species found in Wales (eight percent) are threatened with extinction in the United Kingdom.
The number of kittiwakes has decreased by 35%.
15 days before the arrival of the swallows
When compared to 1968, great tits lay their eggs 11 days sooner.
2019 State of the Environment Report
Since 1986, the number of kittiwakes in Wales has decreased by 35%. Sand eels, a significant food source in the UK, have become scarce as a result of climate change.
Swallows are coming 15 days sooner and nesting 11 days earlier than they were in the 1960s, in addition to seeing species we wouldn’t expect to see.
Salt marsh ecosystems are among the vulnerable areas.
We know that in 2019, 17% of species were on the verge of extinction.
7. Tree planting – a sign of optimism for the future
Much of Wales used to be covered with woodland in ancient times. Although it only covers around 15% of the country’s geographical area, there is a desire to establish a National Forest for Wales.
The concept would see additional woods planted in addition to safeguarding current trees. New trees would assist to mitigate climate change by absorbing carbon from the air as they grow, as well as providing greater habitat and reducing floods.
However, in recent years, there has been a decrease in new forest planting, so there is some ground to make up.
8: How essential are renewable energy sources in Wales?
The Welsh government declared in 2017 that by 2030, renewable power sources will satisfy the equivalent of 70% of Wales’ electricity consumption. This percentage is expected to reach 51 percent in 2019.
When we look at the projected power produced in Wales, gas accounts for more than two-thirds of the total. Renewables contribute for 27% of total energy, with wind energy accounting for almost 18% of it.
The last coal-fired power plant shuttered more than 18 months ago, and nuclear power is now unavailable.
9: What are we doing to assist with recycling?
It isn’t all doom and gloom, either. According to one study, Wales is one of the greatest recycling countries in the world.
The Eunomia environmental consultant conducted research at the end of 2017 that looked at similar data from each nation to calculate the kilos per person recycled.
Despite the epidemic, Welsh government records indicate that 64.8 percent of garbage was recycled or composted in 2020, a little rise over 2019.
We still create an average of 173kg of non-recyclable home garbage per person, although this has decreased by 20% in the last seven years.
There’s more to this story.
Wales is often overlooked in climate change discussions. However, the country has been experiencing changes that are significant and noticeable. In this blog post, we will take a look at where Wales is in climate change charts. Reference: daily post gwynedd.
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